Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Reviewed By Dr Hasan Feroz, M.D,

Arthritis is condition where the joints of our body inflamed and cause pain. This condition is called joint inflammation i.e. arthritis. Arthritis may affects your any joints of your body and it may cause one joints or multiple joints. There are nearly 100 types of arthritis in which osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Symptoms of Arthritis

The symptoms of arthritis usually appears after the attainment of 50 years but it may affects any age group. The main symptoms of arthritis is pain, stiffness and unable to walk as normal peoples walk, limited motion. At the arthritis site you may feel inflammation and redness.

osteoarthritis causes damage to cartilage which is the slippery, soft particles over your bones. when this cartilage start deteriorating it causes pain while a person walks or moves because two bones joint get frictions without the proper cartilage which resulted in pain and stiffness.

In Rheumatoid arthritis it is an autoimmune disease which affects all your body joints which causes pain, stiffness and light fever and loss of appetite.

Causes of Arthritis

In most of the cases when our connecting tissues like cartilage damaged due to ageing or wear and tear, arthritis is occurs. Cartilage works in our body as shock absorbent as whenever our body get shocks it absorbs. When the cartilage reduced to very low amount in our body it start friction our bones and causes osteoarthritis.

Diagnosis of Arthritis

Your treating doctor will diagnose the arthritis by examining you and he may asked you to go for X-rays, MRI and CT scan as per the need and accordingly he will be able to diagnose your problem. He may also suggests you to do some lab tests like CRP and ESR and Rheumatoid Factor which shows the level of inflammation in your body.

If the problem is persist you may further refer to rheumatologist to treat the problem properly.

Treatment of Arthritis

Arthritis causes inflammation in the joints so the treatment’s objective is to reduce the inflammation of joints. There are several ways which we can reduce the pain and stiffness. Some peoples get relief while they applies cold and hot pads in the affected area while some people do not get relief. They need medical treatment which are as follows

Medications

Use of analgesics like acetaminophen gives some relief in pain management but little bit as these medication does not properly work until add anti inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen, Aceclofenac or Diclofenac. But use of these medicines may harm your kidneys so always consult with your doctor before taking these medicines.

Use of topical creams which consists of diclofenac sodium, salicylates and menthol oil helps a lot in soothing pain and stiffness.

Use of calcium and calcium supplements decreases the process of wear and tear of cartilage in our body so regular calcium intake with D3 is recommended.

Use of Immunosuppressants like Prednisolone, Methylprednisolone and betamethasone is best inflammatory drugs but these should be used only with doctors prescription.

Use of Surgery

If the patients is not getting adequate response to drug therapy your doctor may advice you to opt for surgery where your surgeon may replace the cartilage or put fusion between two joints and you may be able to come to your normal life.

Changes in Life Style

It is observed that peoples who remains active follows good diet and exercise regularly encountered low attacks of arthritis in compared to person who do not follows these things.

Use of milk in the diet, take lots of vitamins and mineral from vegetables and fruits and weight management plays a crucial role in avoiding the arthritis.

Avoid eating excess red meat and oily food also causes problem which leads to formation of uric acid in the joints.

Regular exercise and physiotherapy may help in reducing the pain and stiffness of osteoarthritis.

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