Typhoid: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Reviewed By Dr. Hasan Feroz M.D


Typhoid fever is caused by bacteria Salmonella Typhi. It spreads through contaminated water and foods. It affects intestine and causes high fever and headache. Typhoid fever generally found in most of the under developed and developing countries where the hygiene levels are low and peoples don’t follow hygienic fooding habits.

It is said that when the water of sewer contaminated with fresh drinking water typhoid occurs. it is treated by medicines and generally not life threatening but if untreated it may cause death.


When the person infected with S Typhi its symptoms appears after 5 to 7 days which are as follows:-

  • High grade fever
  • Rashes
  • Persistent abdominal Pain
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Constipation or Diarrhea
  • Confusion


The treatment of typhoid is antibiotics like azithromycin, Chloremphenicol and fluoroquinolones. if the typhoid is not treated with medicines, an intravenous injections of ceftriaxone may be given. Typhoid can be diagnosed with blood test named widal test.

How to Avoid Typhoid Fever

Typhoid is caused by S. Typhi bacteria which is found in feces and when human come in contact with any contaminated food with feces, human is infected.

There are several ways to avoid from typhoid infection like maintain good personal hygiene, eat fresh and proper cooked food if you are taking fruits wash the fruits carefully and avoid to get in contact with peoples who are already infected. Always boil the water before drinking if it is not treated earlier. Don’t drink water directly from natural reservoirs and rivers.

Never eat foods from roadside street vendors as they don’t follows the hygienic standards and never eat half cooked meet and barbecues. Also it is very important for everyone is wash your hand regularly with soap and before eating it is mandatory to wash your hand with soap.


The vaccine for typhoid fever is available and you can get vaccinated by contacting your doctor. There are two types of vaccines available, fist one is Inactivated and second one is live typhoid vaccine. The inactivated vaccine is for the peoples of ages more than two years and onward while live vaccine is for peoples who have attained the age of six. But after vaccination you have to take booster dosage of vaccine after two years. it depends on the types of vaccine.


If the typhoid fever is not treated properly it may be life threatening, serious complication. Every year nearly 200000 peoples worldwide died by this disease but with the help of proper treatment patient feels comfortable after 2-3 days of treatment.

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